History of Aberystwyth


Contents

These pages have been set up in the form of a time line. This information is inlayed with key dates from world and UK history so as to place Aberystwyth's development into context




Old Districts

  • Old Town - Area inside the old town walls[4]
  • Under the Town (Tan Dre) - Road just outside the town wall = Chalybate Street & Mill Street[4]
  • Rhofawr - Boat building quater[4]
  • Great Marsh (Morfa Mawr) - Area along queens road[4]
  • Under the field (Tanycae) - area below High Street[4]

Changed Street names

  • Alexandra Road (Chalybeate Street -to- Brewer Street) << Lewis Terrace (David Lewis)[19]
  • Alexandra Road (Brewer Street -to- Thespian Street) << Railway Terrace[19]
  • Alexandra Road (Chalybeate Street -to- Terrace Road) << Alexandra Terrace << Railway Terrace << Lewis Terrace (David Lewis)[4]
  • Alexandra Road (Chalybeate Street -to- Thespian Street) << Chalybeate Terrace[4]
  • Bath Street << Newfoundland Street[4]
  • Cambrian Street << Moor Street << Waterloo Street(built 1815)[4]
  • Castle Street << Butchers Row[4]
  • Chalybeate Street << Old Chalybeate Terrace[4]
  • Crynfryn Terrace << Bonsall's Row - house of Fronfraith [4]
  • Custom House Street << Sea View Place[4]
  • Eastgate Street << Little Dark Gate Street[4]
  • Gray's Inn Road << Gray's Inn Lane << Back Lane[4]
  • Great Dark Gate Street (Castle Street -to- Michael's Place) << Church Street[4]
  • Great Dark Gate Street (Castle Street -to- Clock Tower) << Bow Street[4]
  • High Street << Castle Lane << New St (Street Newydd)[4]
  • Laura Place << Laura Gardens[13]
  • Marine Terrace << Weeg[4]
  • Mill Street << Mill Lane[4]
  • Park Avenue << Smithfield[19]
  • Pier Street << Weeg Street[4]
  • Plascrug Avenue << Plascrug Road[19]
  • Portland Road << Portland Lane << Mews (known as in 1834)[4]
  • Princess Street << Rosemary Lane[4]
  • Queens Road << Sandmarsh Road[4]
  • Queen Street << Baker Lane << Pig Street (Heol y Moch)[4]
  • Sea View Place << Beach Street[4]
  • South Road << Shipwrights Row[4]
  • South Road << Ship Builders Row[19]
  • Terrace Road (East section) << Mary Street (David Lewis's Daughter)[4]
  • Trinity Place << 1901 << Pound Place (/pinfold = stray animal impound)[4]

George Street, William Street & Powell Streets
(names from the Nanteos family - built on their plot)
Laura Place named after Laura Powell



Local Statistics

Population of Aberystwyth 1801-1971[12][27]

1570
70
1750
80
1801
1758
1811
2264
1821
3556
1831
4128
1831
4975
1841
4916
1841
5231
1851
5641
1861
6898
1871
7088
1881
6725
1891
8014
1901
8411
1911
8794
1921
11211 (Unlike other years, this census was in summer and so included tourists)
1931
9473
1951
9315
1961
10427
1971
10688
Key
Estimates based on old Maps
Chapelry
Borough
New Boundaries



Local Statistics

Number of undergraduate full-time degree and diploma students at Aberystwyth University, 1872-1974.[12]

Boys

1872
25
1873
70
1874
86
1875
96
1876
81
1877
71
1878
77
1879
77
1880
57
1881
57
1882
69
1883
74
1884
105
1885
108
1886
119
1887
126
1888
137
1889
123
1890
94
1891
104
1892
217*
1893
292*
1894
330
1895
352
1896
358
1897
375
1898
407
1899
437
1900
474
1901
476
1902
424
1903
405
1904
413
1905
394*
1906
384*
1907
424
1908
450
1909
445
1910
416
1911
422
1912
413
1913
395
1914
401*
1915
147*
1916
88*
1917
100*
1918
162*
1919
729
1920
766
1921
677
1922
562
1923
454
1924
398
1925
365
1926
353
1927
345
1928
356
1929
391
1930
422
1931
484
1932
527
1933
519
1934
542
1935
542
1936
488
1937
447
1938
410
1939
386*
1940
252*
1941
253*
1942
233*
1943
199*
1944
215*
1945
390*
1946
691*
1947
795
1948
946
1949
932
1950
754
1951
770
1952
609
1953
686
1954
610
1955
613
1956
666
1957
706
1958
797
1959
838
1960
900
1961
961
1962
929
1963
943
1964
974
1965
1057
1966
1093
1967
1110
1968
1166
1969
1226
1970
1332
1971
1291
1972
1317
1973
1280
1974
1287

Girls

1872
0
1873
0
1874
0
1875
0
1876
0
1877
0
1878
0
1879
0
1880
0
1881
0
1882
0
1883
2
1884
105
1885
24
1886
28
1887
23
1888
40
1889
42
1890
33
1891
45
1892
217
1893
292
1894
330
1895
352
1896
358
1897
375
1898
407
1899
437
1900
474
1901
476
1902
424
1903
405
1904
413
1905
394
1906
384
1907
424
1908
450
1909
445
1910
416
1911
422
1912
413
1913
395
1914
401
1915
184
1916
172
1917
198
1918
248
1919
280
1920
305
1921
295
1922
283
1923
313
1924
316
1925
311
1926
322
1927
322
1928
307
1929
302
1930
275
1931
265
1932
259
1933
247
1934
241
1935
251
1936
231
1937
214
1938
200
1939
194
1940
216
1941
260
1942
311
1943
298
1944
318
1945
365
1946
340
1947
341
1948
332
1949
325
1950
289
1951
272
1952
270
1953
284
1954
297
1955
334
1956
404
1957
408
1958
432
1959
424
1960
431
1961
521
1962
572
1963
611
1964
578
1965
690
1966
707
1967
783
1968
753
1969
758
1970
819
1971
882
1972
917
1973
942
1974
970

Key
* These Numbers also include postgraduates
Gender not recorded
Boys
Girls

Notes

  • Female students admitted for the 1st time in 1884[17]
  • Note the dip during the years of the 2 blocks of world war years and the subsequent spike in the number of male students



Local Statistics

Number of postgraduate full-time degree and diploma students at Aberystwyth University, 1904-1974.[12]

Boys

1904
0
1905
0
1906
4
1907
2
1908
13
1909
11
1910
26
1911
27
1912
24
1913
29
1914
No Data
1915
No Data
1916
No Data
1917
No Data
1918
No Data
1919
16
1920
12
1921
18
1922
36
1923
42
1924
23
1925
20
1926
23
1927
17
1928
15
1929
23
1930
29
1931
20
1932
32
1933
38
1934
41
1935
36
1936
48
1937
43
1938
46
1939
No Data
1940
No Data
1941
No Data
1942
No Data
1943
No Data
1944
No Data
1945
No Data
1946
No Data
1947
38
1948
53
1949
61
1950
142
1951
139
1952
139
1953
139
1954
134
1955
139
1956
144
1957
165
1958
147
1959
160
1960
184
1961
203
1962
215
1963
262
1964
260
1965
268
1966
268
1967
270
1968
255
1969
271
1970
288
1971
312
1972
402
1973
406
1974
416

Girls

1904
0
1905
0
1906
4
1907
2
1908
13
1909
11
1910
26
1911
27
1912
24
1913
29
1914
No Data
1915
No Data
1916
No Data
1917
No Data
1918
No Data
1919
7
1920
5
1921
2
1922
2
1923
3
1924
3
1925
5
1926
5
1927
9
1928
8
1929
5
1930
8
1931
5
1932
5
1933
6
1934
4
1935
6
1936
4
1937
6
1938
7
1939
No Data
1940
No Data
1941
No Data
1942
No Data
1943
No Data
1944
No Data
1945
No Data
1946
No Data
1947
9
1948
7
1949
8
1950
50
1951
43
1952
53
1953
40
1954
55
1955
52
1956
44
1957
30
1958
50
1959
70
1960
62
1961
71
1962
71
1963
77
1964
93
1965
99
1966
101
1967
102
1968
132
1969
135
1970
134
1971
135
1972
152
1973
143
1974
188

Key
No Data
Gender not recorded
Boys
Girls

Notes

Post-graduate figures are unreliable until the 1930s because different institutions put different interpretations on the phrase 'advanced work'.
Students studying for ordinary diplomas are included with Under-graduates; those for higher diplomas with post-graduates. Before 1914 the figures may include part-time students.



Local Statistics

Copper ore output of Cardiganshire 1855-1919[12]

1855
106
1856
67
1857
155
1858
63
1859
35
1860
76
1861
68
1862
242
1863
266
1864
300
1865
301
1866
223
1867
155
1868
123
1869
132
1870
116
1871
115
1872
17
1873
71
1874
93
1875
79
1876
42
1877
127
1878
494
1879
733
1880
921
1881
287
1882
494
1883
465
1884
100
1885
81
1886
62
1887
22
1888
29
1889
20
1890
33
1891
5
1892
19
1893
5
1894
0
1895
0
1896
20
1897
20
1898
0
1899
0
1900
20
1901
46
1902
65
1903
49
1904
21
1905
0
1906
0
1907
0
1908
0
1909
0
1910
0
1911
0
1912
0
1913
0
1914
0
1915
0
1916
0
1917
0
1918
0
1919
0
in Tons



Local Statistics

Lead ore output of Cardiganshire 1845-1938[12]

Number of Mines

1845
19
1846
12
1847
16
1848
18
1849
No Data
1850
No Data
1851
No Data
1852
No Data
1853
27
1854
27
1855
36
1856
38
1857
35
1858
26
1859
22
1860
28
1861
24
1862
29
1863
22
1864
30
1865
30
1866
22
1867
28
1868
22
1869
21
1870
32
1871
36
1872
38
1873
29
1874
31
1875
35
1876
33
1877
31
1878
32
1879
30
1880
33
1881
28
1882
32
1883
24
1884
19
1885
16
1886
21
1887
21
1888
21
1889
22
1890
20
1891
18
1892
14
1893
9
1894
5
1895
6
1896
5
1897
5
1898
7
1899
7
1900
6
1901
8
1902
6
1903
8
1904
6
1905
6
1906
4
1907
5
1908
6
1909
9
1910
9
1911
10
1912
8
1913
7
1914
No Data
1915
No Data
1916
No Data
1917
No Data
1918
No Data
1919
No Data
1920
No Data
1921
No Data
1922
0
1923
No Data
1924
No Data
1925
No Data
1926
No Data
1927
No Data
1928
No Data
1929
0
1930
0
1931
0
1932
0
1933
0
1934
0
1935
0
1936
No Data
1937
No Data
1938
0

Number of Tones

1945
5726
1846
5719
1847
4899
1848
4882
1849
5989
1850
6698
1851
7183
1852
7371
1853
6552
1854
7034
1855
7043
1856
8560
1857
9914
1858
7087
1859
7467
1860
7355
1861
7755
1862
8300
1863
7132
1864
7464
1865
7835
1866
7714
1867
8067
1868
7463
1869
8180
1870
7307
1871
7552
1872
6764
1873
5373
1874
5423
1875
5835
1876
5962
1877
5850
1878
6801
1879
5080
1880
6405
1881
4598
1882
4037
1883
2979
1884
2293
1885
2072
1886
1744
1887
2122
1888
1974
1889
1862
1890
1666
1891
2150
1892
1345
1893
843
1894
323
1895
700
1896
553
1897
422
1898
625
1899
598
1900
584
1901
1090
1902
1314
1903
1823
1904
911
1905
1062
1906
1021
1907
987
1908
891
1909
1273
1910
1736
1911
1368
1912
998
1913
1335
1914
1824
1915
1802
1916
1163
1917
896
1918
553
1919
3910
1920
228
1921
14
1922
0
1923
9
1924
90
1925
165
1926
174
1927
249
1928
60
1929
0
1930
0
1931
0
1932
0
1933
0
1934
0
1935
0
1936
63
1937
450
1938
0



Local Statistics

Total of Agricultural Holdings in Cardiganshire, 1875-1973[12]

1875
5572
1880
5897
1885
6205
1890
No Data
1895
6217
1900
No Data
1901
No Data
1902
No Data
1903
6348
1904
6341
1905
6414
1906
6382
1907
6454
1908
6366
1909
6364
1910
6383
1911
6418
1912
6530
1913
6474
1914
6445
1915
6431
1916
6406
1917
6373
1918
6351
1919
6398
1920
6289
1921
6239
1922
6133
1923
6079
1924
6018
1925
5967
1926
5975
1927
5970
1928
5947
1929
5919
1930
5903
1931
5859
1932
5813
1933
5795
1934
5737
1935
5658
1936
5611
1937
5556
1938
5468
1939
5416
1940
5329
1941
5437
1942
5416
1943
5385
1944
5328
1945
5302
1946
5277
1947
5230
1948
5217
1949
5215
1950
5235
1951
5235
1952
5248
1953
5256
1954
5235
1955
5211
1956
5192
1957
5128
1958
5092
1959
5029
1960
4940
1960
5018
1961
4984
1962
4949
1963
4919
1964
4887
1965
4804
1966
4766
1967
4661
1968
3971
1969
3861
1970
3577
1971
3514
1972
3444
1973
3344
in Acres

Key
No Data
Now includes grass, rough grazing, woodland, etc
Now excludes holding with less than 10 acres



Local Statistics

Slate output of Cardiganshire 1882-1938[12]

1882
3.4
1883
3.4
1884
4.0
1885
4.5
1886
3.0
1887
4.0
1888
1.3
1889
1.5
1890
1.3
1891
1.8
1892
2.1
1893
2.2
1894
3.9
1895
3.6
1896
4.6
1897
5.9
1898
7.4
1899
6.3
1900
5.9
1901
5.6
1902
6.4
1903
6.3
1904
6.2
1905
5.6
1906
5.1
1907
4.6
1908
5.3
1909
4.7
1910
4.8
1911
4.6
1912
4.6
1913
5.6
1919
1.8
1920
3.3
1921
3.2
1922
3.4
1923
3.8
1924
4.4
1925
4.9
1926
4.4
1927
4.6
1928
3.8
1929
4.3
1930
4.0
1931
3.5
1932
3.5
1933
3.6
1934
4.4
1935
3.8
1936
3.5
1937
3.0
1938
2.8
in 1000 Tones



References

1
New Guide to Aberystwyth and its environs; comprising Notices, historical and descriptive, of the principle objects of Interest in the town and neighbourhood, by:Thomas Owen Morgan Esq, Pub: J Cox of Pier Street Aberystwyth, 1851
2
Aberystwyth and North Wales (Southern Section) Pub: Ward, Lock & COs 1928-29
3
Born on a perilous Rock (Aberystwyth Past and Present) by:W.J. Lewis, Pub: Cambrian News Aberystwyth, 1980, ISBN 0 900439 04 1
4
Aberystwyth and its court leet, G E Evans, Printed by the Welsh Gazette, 1902
5
Aberystwyth 1277-1977, Edited by Ieuan Gwynedd Jones, Gommer Press, 1977, ISBN 0 85088 497 7
6
Aberystwyth and North Wales (Southern Section) Pub: Ward, Lock & COs about 1960
7
Aberystwyth Yesterday, Jones, Howard C. 1980, Stewart Williams, Barry. (c/o David Rowlands)
8
Aberystwyth - A portrait in Old Picture Postcards, W. Troughton, S.B. Publications, 1989, ISBN 1 870708 32 6
9
The University College of Wales, Aberystwyth 1872-1972 Ellis E.L. Pub: University of Wales Press, 1972, ISBN 0 7083 0570 5
10
Gossiping Guide to Wales Askew Roberts & Edward Woodall, Pub: Woodall, Minshall, Thomas and Co, 1901
11
The Story of The Nations - Wales, O.M. Edwards, Pub: T Fisher Unwin, 1901
12
The National Assembly for Wales
13
Nanteos - A Welsh House and its Families ed Morgan G. Pub: Gomer Press, 2001, ISBN 1 85902 802 0
14
Territorial Camps Near Aberystwyth, by J D Spencer
15
The New Aberystwyth Guide to the Waters, Bathing Houses, Public Walks, and Amusements, by TJL Pritchard, Pub, J Cox Aberystwyth, 1824
16
National Union of Teachers Souvenir of Aberystwyth Conference 1911, (edited) by John Ballinger Pub National Union of Teachers, London, 1911
17
"ABER" 1872-1972, by Ben Bowen Thomas University of Wales Press, 1972, ISBN 0 7083 0508 3
18
Aberystwyth - a photographic history of your town by Tony Cornish & James Plant Black Horse Books, 2001, ISBN 1-904033-01-6
19
OS Map 1889
20
The Story of Ceredigion (400-1277) JE Lloyd, 1937, University of Wales Press Board
21
A Guide To The Watering Places and Sea-Bathing Places . John Feltham , 1803-25, Longman, London
22
Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales . John Marius Wilson, 1870-72, Edinburgh, A. Fullarton & Co
23
Cardiganshire Historical Atlas / Ceredigion Atlas Hanesyddol WJ Leewis, 1969, Aberystwyth, Cymedeithas Lyfrau Ceredigion Gyf
24
Tenth Plenary Congress Conference of the International Federation of League of Nations Societies and the Annual Conference of the Welsh National Council of the League of National Union 1926, Aberystwyth, The Aberystwyth Corporation
25
The King of Saxony's Journey Through England and Scotland in the Year 1844 Carl Gustav Carus / S.C. Davison (translation), 1846, London, Chapman and Hall
26
The Cambrian traveller's guide, and pocket companion George Nicholson, 1840, Stourport, London
27
A Fashionable Watering Place / Aberystwyth W.J. Lewis, 1997, The Cambrian News