....The town is in the parish of Llanbadarn-Fawr; stands on both banks of the river Rheidol,
and on the Welsh coast railway system, 39 miles NE of Cardigan; and
is a fashionable watering-place, a head-seaport, and a borough.
The part of it on the right bank of the Rheidol sometimes bears the name of Aberrheidol; and the part on the left bank is called Trefechan.
The Rheidol is crossed by a five-arched bridge, forms a sort of inner harbour, is joined there by the Ystwith, and then scours the outer harbour to the sea.
The streets are uneven and steep; but some are broad and well-edificed; and the Marine -terrace forms a fine crescent, with about 60 elegant dwellings.
The present church stands near the castle ruins; and is a plain, quasi-cruciform edifice, built in 1830, at a cost of nearly £4,000.
There are chapels for Independents, Baptists, Calvinistic-Methodists, Wesleyans, and Roman Catholics.
The court-house, built in 1860, is a handsome edifice with a tetrastyle Ionic portico.
The assembly-rooms, built in 1820, have Grecian features, and contain a ball-room 45 feet by 20, card, billiard, and reading rooms.
Other public buildings are the grammar school, the market houses, the infirmary, the poor-house, and the prison.
The port has jurisdiction northward to the Diswyning river, and southward to Llan-St. Fraid.
The vessels registered at it in 1867 were 86 small ones of aggregately 2,984 tons, and 296 large ones of aggregately 37,995 tons.
The vessels which entered from British colonies or foreign countries were 23, of aggregately 4,633 tons;
and those which entered coastwise were 409 sailing vessels of 17,225 tons, and 71 steam vessels of 6,675 tons.
The amount of customs, in that year, was £87.
The exports include lead ore and other minerals, timber, bark, and corn; and the imports include all kinds of goods from Liverpool, Bristol, and London.
The harbour was much obstructed by a bar, but has been greatly improved by artificial cuttings of the river,
by a new pier 260 yards long, and by other works. The town has a head post office,and a station with telegraph,
two banking offices, three hotels, markets on Monday and Saturday, and fairs on the Monday before 5 Jan.,
Palm-Monday, Whit Monday, and the Monday after 13 Nov.
About two thousand temporary residents, and several thousands of casual visitors frequent the town as a watering-place in antumn.
The bathing beaches are excellent; bathing machines are plentiful;
hot saltwater baths are at hand: a chalybeate spring, of similar qualities to the water of Tunbridge, is on a neighbouring common;
recreations in variety, are abundant; and the walks and drives in the vicinity are charming.
Races are held on two days in September at Gogerddan, 3 miles distant.
Cornelians, jaspers, agates, moccos, and other precious pebbles are often picked up by loungers on the beach.
Public coaches used to run to distant towns, east, south, and north; railway trains have now superseded them; and steamers ply to Bristol and Liverpool.
Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales