History of Aberystwyth
1900-1920


1900

World Population


-6000
0.01
-4000
0.02
-2000
0.03
-1000
0.05
- 500
0.10
1
0.20
1000
0.31
1750
0.79
1800
0.98
1850
1.26
1900
1.65
1950
2.52
1955
2.76
1960
2.98
1965
3.33
1970
3.69
1975
4.07
1980
4.43
1985
4.83
1990
5.26
1995
5.67
2000
6.07
2005
6.45
2010
6.89
in Billions

February 27: Labour party

Founding of the Labour Party

Old College before Prom Extension 1900
Old College before Prom Extension

1901

Radio

1st wireless message across Atlantic by Marconi

Census

Population 8014
Inhabited houses 1800

Advert for the University from 1901
Advert for the University from 1901[10]

Advert for Aberystwyth 1901
Advert for Aberystwyth from 1901[10]

1901-1903 Prom

Prom

The promenade is extended to run around the base of the castle ruins under direction of Borough Surveyor, Rees Jones, and a cost of £16,000[7] Rubble was mined from the hill just above Queen's Rd and taken, by horse drawn carts that ran on a mini railway constructed along the prom, to the new prom extension.

Aberystwyth promenade is extension
Promenade being filled in

1902 Railway

Railway

The 3rd railway line to Aberystwyth opened. The 19km narrow gauge line from to was built to transport lead and zinc ore from Devil's Bridge to Aberystwyth Harbour.

1903

Flight

1st flight by Wright brothers

Natwest

Completion of the Natwest Bank Building

Town Hall
Town Hall #3 built in 1870, shown here in 1903, burnt down in 1957[8]
Thanks to Will for allowing me to use the image

1904

Coliseum

The Coliseum was built as an entertainments hall with a ground floor arcade, offices and stables. The Coliseum would become the Coliseum Cinema in 1931 then Ceredigion museum in 1976.

February 1: Royal Welsh

Meeting of enthusiasts at the Lion Royal Hotel proposed an annual national agricultural show.
Gogerddan Arms -> New Black Lion -> by 1835 Lion Royal Hotel -> Padarn Hall

August 3/4: Royal Welsh

The First Royal Welsh show held over 2 days in August on 'Vicarage Fields' Aberystwyth. The next five Royal Welsh Shows were also held in Aberystwyth.

Aberystwyth Train Station in 1904
Looking Along Platforms 4 & 5
The current terminus building was not built till 1925

1906

April 18: San Francisco Earthquake

Earthquake in San Francisco

Theological College

Opening of the United Theological College on the site of the Customs House (it was closed in 2002)

1907

Electronics

Lee De Forest from America, files a patent for a type of electric vacuum tube that he called the Audion (aka the Triode). The transistor is a solid-state version of the Audion.

March 19: Library Charter

King Edward VII grants a charter for a National Library of Wales to be situated in Aberystwyth

Chemistry

Designed by Alfred Cross the Edward Davies Memorial Chemical Laboratories (the first purpose built chemistry department in Britain) were opened by Lord Asquith. The department was closed down in 1988

Church

Architectural plans of St. Michael & All Angels (1907)

1908

June 30: Explosion

A large explosion (10-20 megatons of TNT) above the Tunguska river in Siberian Russia. This is believed to have been caused by a large meteoroid exploding in the atmosphere.

Umami - a taste sensation

Along with sweet, bitter, salty and sour, umami is one of the basic flavours that is detected on the tongue. Umami is a savoury flavour of tomatoes, mushrooms, cheese, potatoes, crisps, and meats. The term was coined by Kikunae Ikeda in Japan when is isolated the main flavour ingredient (glutamate) of kelp.

January 4:


Great Darkgate Street

1909

Plastic

Bakelite - 1st commercial synthetic plastic

January 1: Temporary Library

The National Library of Wales opens to the public in its temporary home in the Assembly Rooms - currently used by the university for Music & Education.

1910

Spring: Soldiers

In spring Cheshire Infantry Brigade encamped at Lovesgrove and Bow Street followed later in the year by the whole Welsh division[14]

December 18: Storm

Storm Devastates the Promenade, the north end of which needs to be rebuilt

(cf Storms in 1703, 1866, 1887, 1896, 1927, 1938, 1987, 1866)
Waterloo Hydro Hotel 1910
Waterloo Hydro Hotel 1910 which burnt down in 1919
and was replaced by the Kings Hall in 1934[8]
Thanks to Will for allowing me to use the image

1901 Advert for the Waterloo Hydro Hotel
1901 Advert for the Waterloo Hydro Hotel[10]

1911

April 17-22: Teachers

National Union of Teachers held its annual conference this week at Aberystwyth

Soldiers

Cheshire Infantry Brigade return to camp at lovesgrove[14]

July: Sailors

Visit of Second Division, Home Fleet.

July 23: National Library

National Library of Wales foundation stone laid by King George V and Queen Mary.

Golf

Golf course opened at the top of Constitution Hill
Population 8411

1912

April 14: Boat Sinks

The Titanic sinks

August 23: Wet

Heavy and continuous rain. Brooks and streams were flooded to an extent not known for years[web]

1916

Easter Rebellion

Irish Easter rebellion suppressed in Dublin by British troops

Library

The 1st stage of the new building for the National Library of Wales opens to the public.

Eisteddfod

National Eisteddfod held in Aberystwyth


The Gorsedd Procession of the Eisteddfod

October 3: One Welshman

The inaugural address of the universities autumn session is 'One Welshman' [Thomas Jefferson] by Whitelaw Reid

1918

Vote - for some

Women (aged over 27) win the right to vote - but it will be 10 years before they achieve parity with men and women over 20 can vote.

1918-1919

Flu

In just 18 months a world-wide flu epidemic kills between 50 and 100 million people.

Flu

Upwards of 225,000 died of flu in Britain.

1919

April 13: Amritsar Massacre

After being invited to retire Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer moved back to Britain where a public collection for him raised £26,000.

International, Union, Flooding, Fire

Founding of the Department of International Politics

Students Union

Assembly Rooms are converted into University Student's Union

June 12: Flooding

... and in Wales mainly in Cardiganshire. At Devil's Bridge, about ten miles east of Aberystwyth, more than 4 inches is reported[web]

August 25: Waterloo Fire

Fire destroys 'The Waterloo Hydro' which, with 127 bedrooms, was largest hotel in Aberystwyth.
The Kings Hall (Neuadd Y Brenin) was built on this site in 1934 [7]